The Persian philosopher #Zarathustra
(600-583 BC) #Zoroaster
described the four elements of earth, water, air and fire as “sacred,” and “essential for the survival of all living beings and therefore should be venerated and kept free from any contamination”. - The four elements earth, water, air, and fire as proposed by #Empedocles
(5th century BC) frequently occur; Aristotle added a fifth element, aether; it has been called akasha in India and quintessence in Europe. - In Hinduism, particularly in an esoteric context, the four states-of-matter describe matter, and a fifth element describes that which was beyond the material world. Similar lists existed in ancient China, Korea and Japan. In Buddhism the four great elements, to which two others are sometimes added, are not viewed as substances, but as categories of sensory experience.